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沖縄の長寿とその低下の理由 Longevity in Okinawa and the reasons for its decline



このためか(?)、ブルーゾーン(写真)という本では世界の100歳長寿者の多い5つの地域の一つとして紹介されています。この本では長寿の秘訣は生活習慣、食事などいくつか列記されています。ただ、沖縄の場合は、戦後から1997年まで続いた離島駐在の100名以上の女性公衆衛生看護師の誠実で献身的な地域医療貢献があったということを、先日放送されたNHKテレビ「新プロジェクトクトX、命の離島へ 母たちの果てなき戦い」で再認識しました。(番組内容は録画保存しています。)




Longevity in Okinawa and the reasons for its decline:

Okinawa was once praised as having the highest longevity in Japan. (Photo)

Then, in 1985, Okinawa ranked first in the world in average life expectancy and announced its declaration as the world's longest-living region.

Perhaps because of this (?), in the book "Blue Zones" (photo), Okinawa is introduced as one of the five regions in the world with the highest number of people living to be 100 years old. The book lists several secrets to longevity, including lifestyle and diet.

However, in the case of Okinawa, I was reminded of the sincere and dedicated contribution to community health care by more than 100 female public health nurses stationed on remote islands from the postwar period until 1997 to save many infectious disease patients and newly born babies, in the NHK TV program "New Project X, To the Remote Islands of Life: Mothers' Endless Battle" that was broadcast the other day. (The program was recorded and saved.)

I watched the program and saw the Okinawan women working very hard as public health nurses, midwives, and nurses in the midst of the devastating postwar public health situation and severe doctor shortage, overlapping with my own mother (a nurse and midwife) who was of the same generation. ( My mother was also encouraged to work as a public health nurse at the time, but she was busy raising us three children and could not work as a public health nurse.)

But now, the average life expectancy in Okinawa has gradually been shortened. (Photo)

The main causes are the rapid spread of American eating habits and the dramatic increase in obesity and diabetes due to the prevalence of automobile lifestyles (lack of exercise), which is said to be three cars per household.