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満州・ソ連での生存者による証言 Evidences by the survivals in Manchuria and Soviet Union

世羅からの開拓団で10歳代に満州に渡り、徴兵され、終戦後にソ連の捕虜になり、一人で脱走して8年間を逃走しながら生き延びた92歳の方の証言と当時小学生として満州の国民学校に通っていた方の証言を数日前、9月30日、二時間ほど聴かせていただきました。
お二人は私の亡くなった父親と同じくらいの年齢の方々です。つらい話とそのご苦労、親思いの言葉に涙が出ました。
一方、当時、満州には建国大学があり、そこの大学生の特別扱いされていた生活ぶりをラジオで聴いたことがありますが、対比するとあまりにも差が大き過ぎて、ひどく腹立たしく感じました。
The other day, on September 30th, I had a chance to listen to two old men in their 90s and 80s who went to Manchuria from Sera in Hiroshima in his teens and in his elementary school days. The 92-year-old man was called up for military service there, became a captive soldier in Soviet after the WW second, escaped by himself and survived for 8 years. The other old man in his 80s was in the elementary school there and told us how the wartime education was. 
They are in the same generation of my late father. I could not stop my eyes being filled with tears because their experience was really hard and they were very devoted to their parents.
On the other hand, I have heard on the radio that the students at Kenkoku University in Manchuria could enjoy a good school life even in those wartime days. Comparing these two facts, I got irritated with the big difference between the two.